About

I am a Postdoctoral Researcher in Philosophy at the University of Copenhagen.

I currently work on the Velux-funded project titled “The Future of Family Relationships” alongside a group of philosophers/bioethicists. This project investigates the ethics of family ties and values in light of social change and advances in assisted reproductive technologies. My teaching responsibilities for this role include courses on ‘Medical Ethics’ and ‘Reproductive Technologies and Family Ties.’

I am also a co-editor on The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Bioethics (anticipated 2022) and serve as an editor for Canadian Journal of Bioethics.

Previously, I held a teaching associate position at the University of Bristol, where I also obtained my PhD in Philosophy in 2019. I taught undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Ethics, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Environmental Philosophy, and Philosophy of Science.

My primary philosophical interests fall broadly under value theory. I am especially fascinated by debates around topics like autonomy, freedom, paternalism, human enhancement, and epistemic injustice.

Research areas

Moral Philosophy

Bioethics

Social Epistemology

Applied Ethics

Articles

Peer-reviewed journal articles

◦ Unfreedom or Mere Inability? The Case of Biomedical Enhancement, The Journal of Medicine & Philosophy (forthcoming)

Mere inability, which refers to what persons are naturally unable to do, is traditionally thought to be distinct from unfreedom, which is a social type of constraint. The advent of biomedical enhancement, however, makes it possible for some people’s mere inabilities to become matters of unfreedom. In this paper I discuss several ways that this might occur: firstly, bioenhancement can exacerbate social pressures to enhance one’s abilities; secondly, people may face discrimination for not enhancing; thirdly, the new abilities made possible due to bioenhancement may be accompanied by new inabilities for the enhanced and unenhanced; finally, shifting values around abilities and inabilities due to bioenhancement may reinforce a pre-existing ableism about human abilities.

The Limitations of Liberal Reproductive Autonomy, Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11019-022-10097-w

The liberal understanding of reproductive autonomy as free choice and non-interference in reproduction is a common one. However, this liberal reading of reproductive autonomy only offers us a limited ethical understanding of what is at stake in many kinds of reproductive choices. This is because it does not fully capture normative nuances such as who benefits from which reproductive options, the extent of the benefits and harms involved in various reproductive interventions, and the reasons for why people are driven to make certain reproductive choices.

Surrogacy: Beyond the Commercial/Altruistic Distinction, Journal of Medical Ethics
https://doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2021-108093

In this paper, I critique the commonly accepted dichotomy between commercial versus altruistic surrogacy arrangements. Whether a surrogacy is morally permissible or not, I claim, does not hinge on whether it is paid (‘commercial’) or unpaid (‘altruistic’). The moral legitimacy of surrogacy, I argue, is best determined by appraisal of virtue-abiding conditions constitutive of the surrogacy arrangement. 

Normative Competence, Autonomy, and Oppression, Feminist Philosophy Quarterly

Natalie Stoljar posits that purely procedural theories of autonomy are unable to explain the ‘feminist intuition’, which is the idea that the internalization of false and oppressive norms are incompatible with autonomy. She claims instead that an account based on ‘normative competence’ – which requires true beliefs and critical reflection – can explain why oppressive norms should be excluded as legitimate decision-making inputs. On my view, however, the normative competence approach is subject to a worrying problem. While Stoljar’s view successfully problematizes the internalization of oppression, her view misattributes non-autonomy also to those who perpetrate the oppression. I suggest that this is implausible, arguing instead that we can establish an asymmetry of autonomy between those who oppress others and those who are made target of oppression.

Dialogical Answerability and Autonomy Ascription, Hypatia
https://doi.org/10.1017/hyp.2021.81

Disagreement between first-personal experiences of an agent’s autonomy and third-personal determinations of their autonomy present various challenges for the ascription of autonomy. My view is that insights from a dialogical rather than non-dialogical account of autonomy gives us the resources to combat the challenges associated with autonomy ascription. 

Partial Relationships and Epistemic Injustice, Journal of Value Inquiry
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10790-021-09842-w

In moral and political philosophy, topics like the distributive inequities conferred via special partial relationships – family relationships, for example – have been frequently debated. However, the epistemic dimensions of such partiality are seldom discussed in the ethical context, and the topic of partial relationships rarely feature in the realm of social epistemology. My view is that the role of partial relationships is worth exploring to enrich our understanding of epistemic injustice and its transmission. I claim that epistemic features typical of partial relationships make phenomena like epistemic injustice easier to mask, more difficult to identify, and harder to correct.

Bystander Omissions and Accountability for Testimonial Injustice, International Journal of Philosophical Studies
https://doi.org/10.1080/09672559.2021.1997390

Literature on testimonial injustice and ways we might respond to it have flourished since Miranda Fricker’s work on epistemic injustice. Little attention is given, however, to the question of whether bystanders other than the direct perpetrators of testimonial injustice are accountable for testimonial injustice. Drawing from philosophical literature on omissions and moral responsibility, I argue herein that agents other than the direct perpetrators of testimonial injustice may indeed be accountable for failures to try and redress testimonial injustice. 

Revisiting Moral Bioenhancement and Autonomy, Neuroethics
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12152-021-09470-y

Some have claimed that moral bioenhancement undermines freedom and authenticity, thereby making moral bioenhancement morally impermissible. In my view, emphasizing these individualistic conceptions of autonomy do not provide particularly strong foundations on which to premise the permissibility of moral bioenhancement. Instead, I propose that we investigate the relationship between moral bioenhancement and a more relational kind of autonomy. 

Anticipatory Epistemic Injustice, Social Epistemology
https://doi.org/10.1080/02691728.2021.1924306

In this article, I offer a conceptualisation of a phenomenon I call anticipatory epistemic injustice. My view is that anticipatory epistemic injustice consists of the wrongs that agents can suffer as a result of anticipated challenges in their process of taking up testimony-sharing opportunities.

Autonomy in The Philosophy of Sex and Love, Ethical Theory & Moral Practice 24 (2021): 381–392.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-020-10136-6

In this review essay, I critically evaluate the concept of autonomy and the role that it plays in the philosophy of sex and love in Patricia Marino’s book, Philosophy of Sex and Love: An Opinionated Introduction.

Book reviews

Luke Russell: Being Evil, Journal of Moral Philosophy 19, 1 (2022): 91–94.
https://doi.org/10.1163/17455243-19010004

Katherine Hawley: How to be Trustworthy, Ethical Theory & Moral Practice 23 (2020): 689–690.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-020-10090-3

Book Chapters

◦ Epistemic Injustice in Healthcare, The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook of Bioethics

Are there particular epistemic difficulties that some groups of patients suffer compared with others, with regards to articulacy and expression of their health experiences? This book chapter will explore this issue using the philosophical framework of ‘epistemic injustice’.

Other articles and commentaries

Framing Gestation: Assistance, Delegation, and Beyond, Journal of Medical Ethics (forthcoming)

Does money affect the morality of surrogacy?, Journal of Medical Ethics Blog

On Anticipatory Epistemic Injustice: Replies to Eric Bayruns García and Trystan S. Goetze,  Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 10 (10): 39-42. 
https://wp.me/p1Bfg0-6dT

Interview on Futura blog

Abortion and Artificial Wombs [co-authored with Andrea Bidoli], Philosophy Now

Talks

Selected Talks

The Affects of Epistemic Injustice, Uehiro-CEPDISC workshop on discrimination and applied ethics 
November 2021

(De)Pathologizing Infertility, Changing Values, Changing Technologies Conference, TU Delft
October 2021

Assisted Reproduction as a Case of Social Enhancement, CAPPE Conference on The Politics of Reproduction, University of Brighton
September 2021

Social Discrimination and Epistemic Vice, Conference on Discrimination, Aarhus University
August 2021

Accountability for Testimonial Injustice, Themes from Testimonial Injustice and Trust: An online workshop, University College Dublin
June 2021

Beyond the Commercial/Altruistic Distinction in Surrogacy Arrangements, Ethics in a Global Environment, University of Birmingham
May 2021

Ectogenesis: A Tool for Liberation or Oppression? [with Andrea Bidoli],  University of Bristol
May 2021

Challenging Bionormativity and Heteronormativity in Conceptions of Family, BPPA Annual Conference: Radical Philosophy, University of Manchester
November 2020

What Friends Are For, The Normativity and Epistemology of Friendship Conference, Trinity College Dublin
September 2020

Autonomy and Assisted Reproductive Technologies, The Ends of Autonomy Colloquium, University of Warwick
July 2020

Is Moral Bioenhancement Morally Permissible? Women in Philosophy Conference, University of Bristol
March 2019

Feminist Commitments for a Contemporary Autonomy Theory, Individuals and Collectivities: SIFA Mid-Term Conference, University of Genova (winner of the SIFA Young Scholar Prize)
December 2017

Mental Illness, Treatment Competence, and Patient Autonomy, PG Conference on Medical Humanities, University of Exeter
June 2017

Confucianism, Feminism, and Autonomy, Autonomy and Gender Conference, University of Bristol
June 2017

A Millian Perspective on Paternalism, Topics in Global Justice: Agency, Power, and Policy, University of Birmingham
May 2016

The Problem of Oppression for Procedural Accounts of Autonomy, LSE Political Theory Graduate Conference, London School of Economics
March 2016

Teaching

I have taught on a wide range of philosophical and interdisciplinary modules at the university level. Furthermore, I am a Higher Education Academy Associate Fellow, and I have also completed Level 1 of the SAPERE accredited P4C (Philosophy for Children) course.

My current teaching duties are:

◦ Medical Ethics, UG

◦ Reproductive Technologies and Family Ties, PG

I have previously taught on the following undergraduate and postgraduate courses:

◦ City Futures: Migration, Citizenship, and Planetary Change, UG

◦ Epistemology and Metaphysics, PG

◦ Ethics, UG

◦ Introduction to Philosophy, UG

◦ Knowledge and Reality, UG

◦ Philosophy and the Environment, UG

◦ Philosophy of Science, UG and PG

◦ Political Philosophy, UG

◦ Readings in Value Theory (Plato and Aristotle), UG